Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

    A

  • Aerial

    A cartwheel where neither hand touches the ground.

  • Arabesque

    A flyer position in a stunt where the unsupported leg is extended behind the cheerleader’s body at 90°
    or higher, which requires hip and spine hyperextension, knee extension, and ankle-foot plantarflexion.

  • Arabian

    A gymnastic skill that begins with a half twist proceeded by a front flip.

  • B

  • Back Handspring

    A gymnastic trick where the cheerleader springs backward into a handstand position and then quickly
    springs through the legs and pushes away from the ground with the feet to end up back on the feet.

  • Back Tuck

    Opposite of a front flip, a back tuck is a gymnastic trick where the cheerleader jumps straight up into
    the air and then rotates backward in a ball, feet over head, and lands with feet on the ground
    without hands ever touching the ground.

  • Banana

    A jump where the cheerleader reaches straight up in the air, arms straight overhead and legs straight
    underneath. Usually performed with a slight arch in the back, creating a banana arch with the body.

  • Barrel Roll

    A 360 degree spin initiated from a cradle. The flyer is tossed into the air from the cradle hold of her
    base and while in the air, performs a 360 degree spin before returning to the cradle position in the
    original position from which the flyer started.

  • Base

    The bottom person in a stunt or pyramid in which the feet are firmly planted on the ground.

  • Basket Toss

    A partner stunt in which two bases form a basket with their arms in which a flyer first jumps onto the
    basket and then is thrown or tossed into the air above the bases.

  • Blades

    Hand position in which the hand is flat with fingers out, pulled together and the thumb is tuned in to
    the side of the hand.

  • Bow and Arrow

    A stunt that can transition from a liberty stunt. The unsupported leg is grabbed by the opposite arm
    and is pulled across the body, forming a bow shape with the flyer’s body.

  • Briefs

    Part of the cheerleading uniform that is worn underneath the skirt to cover up panties.

  • Buckets

    A hand position where fists are made to hold imaginary buckets. Usually performed when arms are
    stretched out to the sides or in front of the body.

    C

  • Candle Sticks

    A hand position where fists are made to hold a candle. Usually performed when arms are stretched
    out to the sides or in front of the body.

  • Captain

    A term for the leader of the team. Is usually responsible for leading the team during competitions and
    games

  • Chair

    A partner stunt where the flyer sits in one hand of the base.

  • Chant

    A short repetitive cheer during games to raise the crowd’s excitement, encouragement, etc.

  • Cheer

    A longer series of words and coordinated movements performed for the crowd during halftimes or
    timeouts during a game.

  • Choreography

    A series of motions, dance moves, stunts, jumps, gymnastics, etc. put together to a cheer or song.

  • Cradle

    A dismount position where two bases cradle the flyer in their arms while the flyer holds herself around
    the necks of the bases.

  • Cupie

    An extended stunt where one or more bases holds both feet of the flyer overhead wight the feet
    together.

  • D

  • Dagger

    A fist position where the cheerleader pretends to hold daggers or knives in the hands. Usually
    performed in a table top motion or in a touch down motion.

  • Diagonal

    An arm position where one arm is in a high V position and the other arm in an a low V position out to
    the side of the body.

  • Dismount

    The end of a stunt where the flyer returns to the ground. Can be performed in a multitude of ways
    including a cradle.

  • Double Down

    A dismount from an extended stunt where the flyer performs two full twists in the air before landing in
    a cradle position.

  • Double Take

    A partner stunt where the flyer temporarily returns to the starting position of a stunt before returning
    to the extended position she was in previously. Usually performed with a spring like movement of the
    bases.

  • E

  • Elevator

    A partner stunts where 2 or more bases hold the feet of the flyer at the bases shoulder level.

  • Extended

    A term used to denote a stunt where the flyer is extended over the head of the bases.

  • Extension

    A partner stunt where 2 or m ore bases below hold the feet of the flyer over their heads.

  • F

  • Fists

    Hand position in which hands are curled up into a fist and thumbs are tucked in and wrapped around
    the fist.

  • Flyer

    The cheerleader that is the top half of a partner stunt or pyramid. A flyer is lifted by bases below.

  • Front Flip

    A gymnastic trick where a cheerleader jumps up into the air and then rotates, feet over head in a
    forward direction and lands on the feet without ever touching the ground with the hands.

  • Full Down

    A dismount from an extended stunt where the flyer twists in the air 360 degrees before landing in a
    cradle catch where she is caught by her bases.

  • H

  • Handstand

    A gymnastic skill where a cheerleader is standing upside down on their hands with feet in the air.

  • Hanging Pyramid

    A partner stunt where a flyer hangs from two other stunts, one on each side.

  • Heel Stretch

    A partner stunt where the flyer is holding the feet or ankle of one leg in an extended position while
    standing with the other leg in the hands of one or more bases.

  • Herkie

    A cheerleading jump where one leg is liftd straight in the air, at least parallel to the ground and the
    other other leg is bent, foot pointing toward the sky.

  • High V

    A motion where both hands are lifted up at a 45 degree angle to the body, while the arms are
    stretched out to the sides of the body.

  • Hurdler

    A cheerleading jump, that is similar to the herkie, but the knee and leg of the bent leg are parallel to
    the ground.

    J

  • Jumps

    A trick where the cheerleader jumps off the ground with both legs at the same time, while placing the
    legs in a variety of positions.

  • K

  • K Motion

    A cheerleading motion where one arm is in a high V position and the other arm is in a low V position,
    where the low V arm is crossing the waist of the body.

  • Kick Full

    A basket toss skill performed by the flyer where the flyer kicks one leg up at the top of the basket toss
    and then performs a 360 degree twist in the air before being caught by the bases in a cradle.

  • Kick Toss

    A basket toss skill performed by the flyer w here the flyer kicks one leg up at the top of the basket
    toss.

  • L

  • L Motion

    A cheerleading motion where one arm is straight up beside the head and the other arm is straight out
    by the side, parallel to the ground, making a 90 degree angle with the body.

  • Layout

    A tumbling skill where the tumbler, or flyer, if in a basket toss, straightens the body as they rotate
    upside down.

  • Liberty

    A partner stunt where the flyer is stands on one leg, extended over the heads of the bases, and places
    the foot of the other leg alongside of the straight leg knee.

  • Lunge

    A stance where feet are apart and one leg is bent.

  • Low V

    A cheerleading motion where both arms are at a 45 degree angle from the ground as the arms are
    extended from the sides of the body.

  • M

  • Megaphone

    A large funnel shaped device used for amplifying sound while yelling into it.

  • Motions

    Arm and hand placements that are created and used in choreographing a cheer, dance and partner
    stunt.

    P

  • Pike

    A jump where both legs are extended 90 degrees in front of the cheerleader.

  • Pom pon

    Similar to the shape of a mop, pom pons are made of plastic strips of paper and are used to increase
    enthusiasm of the crowd and to provide visual interest to cheers, dances, etc.

  • Pyramid

    A series of partner stunts linked together.

  • R

  • Reload

    Similar to a double take, the flyer temporarily drops out of one stunt with the feet stepping on the
    hands of bases holding a basket position, before being tossed to a second stunt.

  • Rewind

    A back flip into a stunt.

  • Round Off

    A tumbling skill where a cheerleader performs the first half of a cartwheel before bringing the feet
    together in the air, rotating the hips to face the original starting point and landing on both feet while
    springing off the floor with the hands.

  • Routine

    A choreographed series of motions, jumps, stunts, gymnastics.

  • S

  • Scorpion

    A partner stunt originating typically from a liberty stunt where the flyer then grabs her bent,
    unsupported leg with her hands behind the back, ending in a bent arabesque position. Flyer attempts
    to touch the back of the head with the bent leg foot.

  • Split

    A cheerleading movement where the cheerleader stretches one leg out in front of her on the ground
    while stretching the other leg behind her on the ground.

  • Spotter

    A person who stands in front, back or to the sides of a partner stunt for the purposes of catching the
    flyer if they fall out of a stunt.

  • Spread Eagle

    A cheerleading jump where the both legs are spread out the sides of the body typically in a 45 degree
    angle or more from the ground.

  • Spirit Fingers

    A motion where a cheerleader will spread her finger out and move them back and forth rapidly,
    attempting to get the crowd to yell.

  • Straight Jump

    A jump where the cheerleader jumps straight up into the air, usually arching the back a bit.

  • Stunt

    A flyer and base work together in a hold, usually in an elevated position.

  • Stunt group

    A flyer, one or more bases and spotters working together on a particular stunt.

  • Sweep cradle

    A timed, forward push of a flyer’s feet by the bases that ends in a cradle catch.

  • T

  • Table Top

    A motion where the elbows are pulled in tight in front of the cheerleader and the hands are in dagger
    positions next to the chest.

  • Thigh stand

    A partner stunt where the flyer stands in the bend of two bases that are standing in side lunges,
    facing each other.

  • Tick tock

    A partner stunt trick where the flyer switches the feet she is standing on in a partner stunt.

  • T motion

    A cheerleading motion where both arms are stretched out to the sides of the body, parallel to the
    ground.

  • Toe Touch

    A cheerleading jump where both feet extend at angles to the body. At the height of the jump, the
    cheerleader reaches out to touch the toes.

  • Toss to Hands

    A partner stunt where the flyer is tossed from the ground by the base and lands her feet in the hands
    of the base at the shoulder level of the base.

  • Touchdown

    A cheerleading motion where both arms are stretched overhead, close to the sides of the head.

  • Transitional Stunt

    When a partner stunt changes or moves to another stunt without coming all the way down to the
    ground and starting over.

  • Tuck Jump

    A cheerleading jump where both knees are pulled into the chest at the top of the jump.

  • Tumbling

    Gymnastic skills that are performed on the ground by the cheerleader.

  • Two high pyramid

    A pyramid that is no taller than the height of a base and a flyer.

  • Two and a half pyramid

    A pyramid that is between the height of a base and a flyer but not the height of three body lengths.

  • W

  • Waterfall

    Oppositie of an arabesque, the flyer in a liberty extends the unsupported leg forward, usually parallel
    to the ground while arching backward.

  • Whip Back

    A gymnastic skill where a cheerleader performs a back handspring without actually putting the hands
    down in the middle of the skill.

  • X

  • X out

    While performing a back tuck, the legs quickly straighten out to create an X before landing on the
    ground with both feet coming back together.