Types of Hiking

Day Hikes:

  • Often the best introduction to Hiking
  • These can range from well marked trails to navigating back country


  • The campsite or trail is not accessible by any other means except for on foot.
  • Often the campsite or trail is in a remote location.
  • Requires planning and proper gear/equipment.
  • Basic survival techniques are important.

Overnight Backpacking:

  • Hikes that will span longer than a single day
  • This will require the placing and removal of camping equipment
  • Core strength and endurance are key to these types of hikes

Base Camping:

  • Similar to Overnight Backpacking except with an established temporary camp
  • This allows for further exploration of a single area rather than following a single trail


  • Essentially, hiking in winter conditions.
  • This often is more extreme than regular hikes due to the added obstacles such as ice and snow.

Types of Trails

Type 1 (Easy):

Easy trails are usually flat and are made from solid ground or even gravel and pavement. Bicycles and wheelchairs are allowed as the grade isn't steep. Many of these trails have a distinct beginning and end and are often around two miles long.

Type 2 (Moderate):

Moderate trails are a little more rugged and often goes across countryside. Often a dirt path with change in elevation from hills or downed trees. Sometimes the trail is marked with paint marks so you will need some kind of trail-finding tools. These are often four miles in length.

Type 3 (Hard):

Difficult trails are for only experienced climbers and hikers. This will require climbing up rocks or small cliffsides, often requiring climbing rope to traverse some parts of the trail. These trails might also include traversing through water.

Type 4 (Difficult):

Type 4 trails will require climbing equipment; this includes belays, ropes and pulleys. These trails will have steep terrain nearly straight up. It will be important to pack appropriately for this type of trail as it will more than likely be a long trek.