Equipment Design and Types

Design of Kayaks


One characteristic of a Sit-on-top Kayak is that it has no Cockpit, you can climb on the open deck. It is usually used by people who go Fishing or Diving, since the open area makes it easy for them to move, plunge into the water, and climb back on.


Also known as rigid or hard-sided Kayaks, Hardshell Kayaks are those which are made of wood, plastic, fiberglass, or other materials such as carbon or nomex (Kevlar) composites.


Kayaks under this category are less expensive, lightweight, portable, and easy to use and transport. Moreover, Inflatable Kayaks are more buoyant than other types.


As the name suggests, a Folding Kayak has a collapsible frame and water proof skin, making it easier to store and transport. Its design is based on an Eskimo Kayak which was made of a wooden frame with animal skins stretched over it.

Types of Kayaking

General Recreation:

  • Paddlers, nature lovers, and even Fishing enthusiasts can enjoy Kayaking with Recreational Kayaks. These easy-to-maneuver and all-around boats are usually not more than 12 feet.
  • They are ideal for mild river trips and perfect for novices who are starting to get comfortable in using Kayak Paddles.

Ocean Kayaking / Sea Kayaking:

  • Kayaks under this category are a blend of seaworthiness, stability, speed, space for cargo, and performance. 
  • These are designed to endure different conditions that saltwater can give.
  • White Water Kayaking
  • Whitewater Kayaks are obviously used in rivers with fast-moving current. 
  • These are more maneuverable compared to Sea Kayaks and shorter than any other type.


  • Attention to detail is one important factor when designing Kayaks for competitions. 
  • These specialty Kayaks are usually designed with speed, maneuverability, and overall performance in mind.