Fouls and Penalties
Fouls and Penalties
There are two different surroundings around the goal on both sides of the field; the eight meter arc and the 12 meter fan. When committing a major foul inside either of these areas, the offense regains the ball and has a direct opportunity to goal. If outside the 8-meter arc, but inside the fan, a "lane" to goal is cleared of all other players and the person who committed the foul is relocated 4 meters behind the offender.
If inside the 8-meter-arc and a defensive foul occurs, all players that were previously inside the surrounding must take the most direct route out. The player who was fouled now moves to the nearest hash mark that is located around the edges of the arc and has a direct lane to goal. The defender who committed the foul is relocated on the 12-meter fan directly behind the shooter. If a player fouled another player not in the arc, the victim receives the ball and the player who fouled must back away at least 4 meters. All other players standing closer than 4 meters to the ball holder must also back away to give the girl room to move with the ball.
The shooting space rule in women's lacrosse is very important in keeping the players safe. It occurs when a defender moves into the offender's shooting lane to goal, at an angle that makes the defender at risk of being hit by the ball if the offender were to shoot.
Penalties for women's lacrosse are assessed with the following cards:
Crosse in the Sphere
Roughly or recklessly check another player’s crosse.
A player may not check toward the body or make a sweeping check from behind that contacts the opponent's body. No player’s crosse may hit or cause her opponent’s crosse to hit the opponent’s body.
Check to the Head(MANDATORY CARD)
No player's crosse may hit or cause her opponent's crosse to hit the opponent's head.
Slash: (MANDATORY CARD)
Reckless and/or dangerous swing of the crosse at an opponent’s crosse or body. A slash will be called regardless of whether or not contact is made with an opponent’s crosse or body.
Dangerous Propelling(MANDATORY CARD)
Propel the ball with her crosse in a dangerous or uncontrolled manner at any time. NOTE: Any shot directed at or taken without regard to the positioning of a field player is dangerous propelling.
Dangerous Follow-Through (MANDATORY CARD)
Follow through with her crosse in a dangerous or uncontrolled manner at any time.
Initiate crosse to body, or body to crosse contact.
Using the shaft of the crosse to hit, push or displace an opponent. This includes, but is not limited to, thrusting, jabbing, pushing or displacing any part of an opponent’s body.
Illegal Use of the Crosse
Using the crosse in a dangerous and/or intimidating manner, for example:
While defending within the 8-meter arc, remain in that area more than 3 seconds unless one is marking an opponent within a stick’s length. The 3-second rule is in effect when the team in possession of the ball crosses the ball over the restraining line into their attacking end of the field.
Obstruction of the Free Space to Goal(shooting space)
With any part of her body guard the goal outside the goal circle so as to obstruct the free space to goal, between the ball and the goal circle, which denies the attack the opportunity to shoot safely and encourages shooting at a player.
NOTE: This call should be made only if the player with the ball is looking to shoot.
If she is being double or triple teamed and she has no opportunity to shoot for goal, the call should not be made.
NOTE: Defense players who are double or multiple teaming a player without the ball and are within a stick’s length are exempt from the obstruction of free space to goal. They must, however, continue to abide by the 3-second rule.
Shoot dangerously or without control.
While in possession of the ball, try to force her crosse through an opposing crosse(s) in such a way as to cause her own crosse to contact her body.
Push the opponent with the hand or body.
Reach Across the Body
Reach across an opponent to check the crosse when she is level with or behind her.
Block her opponent by moving into her path without giving her a chance to stop or change direction.
Charge, barge, shoulder, or back into an opponent.
NOTE: Body to body contact may be called charging, blocking or no call (incidental contact). Crosse to crosse contact is either a legal or illegal check.
Set a moving or stationary pick out of the visual field of an opposing player which does not allow enough time or space to stop or change direction and contact occurs.
A player may not hold her crosse in such a manner as to restrain or detain a player.
Use the webbed area of her crosse to hook the bottom.
Minor Field Fouls
Guard a ground ball with her foot or crosse.
Empty Stick Check
Check or impede an opponent’s crosse when her crosse is not in contact with the ball. This applies only if the opponent could have received or gained possession of the ball.
Guard the crosse with an arm. If one hand is removed from the crosse, the free hand may not be used to ward off an opponent, deliberately or otherwise, with or without contact. Elbows may not be used to protect the crosse.
Touch the ball with her hand, except the goalkeeper or deputy within the goal circle.
Squeeze the Head of the Crosse
Use her hand or body to keep the ball in the crosse, i.e. squeezing the head of the crosse.
Allow any part of her body to deliberately impede, accelerate or change the direction of the ball. However, if the goalkeeper blatantly attempts to stop a shot on goal by playing the ball off her body while outside the goal circle, it shall be called a Major Foul.
Illegal Use of Crosse
Play with a crosse that does not meet specifications.
Resumption of Play
Failure to be ready to start play after a 2-minute team timeout or following half time.
Delay of Game
Intentionally delay the game.
Play From Out of Bounds
Take an active part in the game when her foot/feet are out of bounds.
Run out of bounds and re-enter to a more advantageous position.
A team requesting more than two timeouts.
Goal Circle Fouls
A field player must not enter or have any part of her body or crosse on or in the goal circle at any time except in the following circumstances:
a. She is deputizing for the goalkeeper.
b. The shooter may follow through with her crosse over the goal circle, however, her feet must not touch the goal circle, and her shooting motion must be initiated from.
c. The player(s) directly defending the shooter may reach into the goal circle with her crosse(s) to block the shot or check the shooter's crosse, however, the defender's feet must not touch the goal circle.
A field player must not enter or remain in the goal circle illegally as a deputy.
The goalkeeper or her deputy must NOT:
Once a team gains possession of the ball in the goal circle and the ball is cleared, the team must not intentionally return the ball to their goal circle until the ball has been played by another player.
A team must have five players behind the restraining line when the ball is in their offensive end, and must have four players behind the restraining line when the ball is in their defensive end.
NOTE: Players may exchange places during play