Glossary of Terms
Glossary of Terms
Source: US Lacrosse Rule book
12 METER FAN
Is a semi-circle area in front of each goal circle bounded by an arc 12m from the goal circles.
Takes place when a player moves into the path of a player with the ball without giving that player a chance to stop or change direction causing contact.
When a player is running to receive the ball, a “blind side” defense player must give her enough time and/or space to change her direction.
Is a technique whereby a defender moves with an opponent without body contact occurring, following each movement of the opponent’s body and crosse with her body and causing her to slow down, change direction, or pass off.
Takes place when the player with the ball pushes into, shoulders, or backs into and makes bodily contact with her opponent who has already established her position (though not necessarily stationary).
Is an attempt to dislodge the ball from an opponent's crosse by using controlled crosse to crosse contact.
Is any action taken by a player within the goal circle to pass or carry the ball with her crosse out of the goal circle.
Indicates the space between players which is free of crosses or any parts of the body.
Is the area on the bench/table side of the field extending from the substitution area to their end line, and even with the level of the scorer’s table extended (at least 4m from the sideline), and does not include the area directly behind the scorer's table.
CRITICAL SCORING AREA
Indicates an area at the end of the field where the attacking team is shooting for goal. Its boundaries are approximately 15m (16.3 yds) in front of the goal circle, to 9m (10 yds) behind the goal line extended and 15m (16.3 yds) to each side of the goal circle. No extra lines will be marked on the field and this will be called in the judgment of the Official.
Using the shaft of the crosse to hit, push or displace an opponent.
Is a player on the defensive goalkeeper’s team who may only enter or remain in the goal circle when her team is in possession of the ball and the goalkeeper is out of the goal circle.
DIRECTLY BEHIND THE GOAL CIRCLE
Is the area between two lines extending perpendicular and back from the goal lines extended, tangent to the goal circle.
Is recorded in the scorebook against the offending team, indicating a team caution for delay of game and that the next team offense results in a green/yellow card to the offending player.
Refers to any part of the goalkeeper’s (or her deputy’s) body touching the ground outside the goal circle while she attempts to play the ball from inside the goal circle.
Refers to fouls that are procedural in nature, i.e. - False Start; Illegal Substitution; Too Many players; etc.)
INDIRECT FREE POSITION
Is the penalty awarded for a minor field foul by the defense inside the 12 meter fan. The player taking the free position may run or pass but may not shoot until another player has played the ball.
LOWER SIDE OF CROSSE
Refers to the wood on a wooden crosse and to the right side of a plastic crosse as one looks at the crosse with the pocket facing the player.
Is guarding an opponent within a stick’s length.
When a player from each team commits a foul (major and/or minor) during the same play, or when the attacking team commits a foul during a slow whistle situation.
Refers to a team with more players over the restraining line than is allowed by the rules.
Is the area directly in front of the scorers/timer’s table and at the rear of the substitution area where any player who has been carded will sit or kneel while serving their penalty time.
Is the path to the goal that is cleared when a free position is awarded to the attacking team inside the critical scoring area in an area in front of the goal line.
The path is defined by the imaginary parallel lines that extend from the width of the goal circle. All other players must clear this lane when a free position is awarded in front of the goal.
Is a technique in which a player without the ball, who by her positioning, forces the opponent to take another route. To be legal it must be set within the visual field of the opponent allowing enough time and space to stop or change direction.
Refers to an action whereby the ball leaves the player’s crosse and is touched by another player, or her crosse is checked crosse to crosse by an opposing player, or play is stopped due to a foul by the defense.
The ball does not have to be successfully dislodged from the crosse.
Is given to an offending player, coach or any team personnel, who is immediately ejected from the game. Anyone who has received a red card shall be prohibited from participating in the team's next game.
Is a solid line at each end of the field 30 yds up field from the goal line which extends fully from one side of the field to the other side.
Is a continuous effort by the attacking team to move the ball toward the goal and to complete a shot on goal. The scoring play is over when:
- a. a shot is taken.
- b. the attacking team loses possession of the ball.
- c. the attacking team passes or carries the ball behind the level of the goal line and
stops the continuous attempt to score.
- d. the attacking team stops the continuous attempt to score or the player with the ball
is forced by the defense to lose her forward momentum.
- e. the attacking team fouls.
Is the reckless and/or dangerous swing of the crosse at an opponent’s crosse or body whether or not the opponent’s crosse or body is struck.
Is a held whistle, with flag raised, once the attack has entered the critical scoring area and is on a scoring play.
Is an imaginary area of 7” (average crosse width) surrounding the head.
Means the clock stops after each goal and on every whistle within the last 2 minutes of play in each half unless there is a 10 or more goal differential.
Is the area in front of the scorer’s table, centered at midfield, and sectioned off by two hash marks that are each 5 yds from the centerline of the field.
TEAM BENCH AREA
Is the area from the end of the substitution area to the team’s restraining line, and even with the level of the scorer’s table extended (at least 4m from the sideline), and does not include the area directly behind the scorer's table.
TOEING THE LINE
Refers to the placement of the foot up to, but not on, the center line.
WITHIN A STICK’S LENGTH
Is when any part of the opponent’s body is inside a crosses’ length. It is the distance a player must be to her opponent to be actively marking this opponent.
Is given as a warning to an offending player, coach or team personnel. A second yellow card to the same individual will result in that person being suspended from further participation in that game.