Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

Source: US Lacrosse Rule book

  • 12 METER FAN

    Is a semi-circle area in front of each goal circle bounded by an arc 12m from the goal circles.

  • B

  • BLOCKING

    Takes place when a player moves into the path of a player with the ball without giving that player a chance to stop or change direction causing contact.

    When a player is running to receive the ball, a “blind side” defense player must give her enough time and/or space to change her direction.

  • BODY CHECKING

    Is a technique whereby a defender moves with an opponent without body contact occurring, following each movement of the opponent’s body and crosse with her body and causing her to slow down, change direction, or pass off.

  • C

  • CHARGING

    Takes place when the player with the ball pushes into, shoulders, or backs into and makes bodily contact with her opponent who has already established her position (though not necessarily stationary).

  • CHECKING

    Is an attempt to dislodge the ball from an opponent's crosse by using controlled crosse to crosse contact.

  • CLEAR

    Is any action taken by a player within the goal circle to pass or carry the ball with her crosse out of the goal circle.

  • CLEAR SPACE

    Indicates the space between players which is free of crosses or any parts of the body.

  • COACHING AREA

    Is the area on the bench/table side of the field extending from the substitution area to their end line, and even with the level of the scorer’s table extended (at least 4m from the sideline), and does not include the area directly behind the scorer's table.

  • CRITICAL SCORING AREA

    Indicates an area at the end of the field where the attacking team is shooting for goal. Its boundaries are approximately 15m (16.3 yds) in front of the goal circle, to 9m (10 yds) behind the goal line extended and 15m (16.3 yds) to each side of the goal circle. No extra lines will be marked on the field and this will be called in the judgment of the Official.

  • CROSS-CHECK

    Using the shaft of the crosse to hit, push or displace an opponent.

  • D

  • DEPUTY

    Is a player on the defensive goalkeeper’s team who may only enter or remain in the goal circle when her team is in possession of the ball and the goalkeeper is out of the goal circle.

  • DIRECTLY BEHIND THE GOAL CIRCLE

    Is the area between two lines extending perpendicular and back from the goal lines extended, tangent to the goal circle.

  • G

  • GREEN CARD

    Is recorded in the scorebook against the offending team, indicating a team caution for delay of game and that the next team offense results in a green/yellow card to the offending player.

  • GROUNDED

    Refers to any part of the goalkeeper’s (or her deputy’s) body touching the ground outside the goal circle while she attempts to play the ball from inside the goal circle.

  • I

  • ILLEGAL PROCEDURE

    Refers to fouls that are procedural in nature, i.e. - False Start; Illegal Substitution; Too Many players; etc.)

  • INDIRECT FREE POSITION

    Is the penalty awarded for a minor field foul by the defense inside the 12 meter fan. The player taking the free position may run or pass but may not shoot until another player has played the ball.

  • L

  • LOWER SIDE OF CROSSE

    Refers to the wood on a wooden crosse and to the right side of a plastic crosse as one looks at the crosse with the pocket facing the player.

  • M

  • MARKING

    Is guarding an opponent within a stick’s length.

  • O

  • OFFSETTING

    When a player from each team commits a foul (major and/or minor) during the same play, or when the attacking team commits a foul during a slow whistle situation.

  • OFFSIDE

    Refers to a team with more players over the restraining line than is allowed by the rules.

  • P

  • PENALTY AREA

    Is the area directly in front of the scorers/timer’s table and at the rear of the substitution area where any player who has been carded will sit or kneel while serving their penalty time.

  • PENALTY LANE

    Is the path to the goal that is cleared when a free position is awarded to the attacking team inside the critical scoring area in an area in front of the goal line.

    The path is defined by the imaginary parallel lines that extend from the width of the goal circle. All other players must clear this lane when a free position is awarded in front of the goal.

  • PICK

    Is a technique in which a player without the ball, who by her positioning, forces the opponent to take another route. To be legal it must be set within the visual field of the opponent allowing enough time and space to stop or change direction.

  • PLAYED

    Refers to an action whereby the ball leaves the player’s crosse and is touched by another player, or her crosse is checked crosse to crosse by an opposing player, or play is stopped due to a foul by the defense.

    The ball does not have to be successfully dislodged from the crosse.

  • R

  • RED CARD

    Is given to an offending player, coach or any team personnel, who is immediately ejected from the game. Anyone who has received a red card shall be prohibited from participating in the team's next game.

  • RESTRAINING LINE

    Is a solid line at each end of the field 30 yds up field from the goal line which extends fully from one side of the field to the other side.

  • S

  • SCORING PLAY

    Is a continuous effort by the attacking team to move the ball toward the goal and to complete a shot on goal. The scoring play is over when:

  • a. a shot is taken.
  • b. the attacking team loses possession of the ball.
  • c. the attacking team passes or carries the ball behind the level of the goal line and
    stops the continuous attempt to score.
  • d. the attacking team stops the continuous attempt to score or the player with the ball
    is forced by the defense to lose her forward momentum.
  • e. the attacking team fouls.
  • SLASH

    Is the reckless and/or dangerous swing of the crosse at an opponent’s crosse or body whether or not the opponent’s crosse or body is struck.

  • SLOW WHISTLE

    Is a held whistle, with flag raised, once the attack has entered the critical scoring area and is on a scoring play.

  • SPHERE

    Is an imaginary area of 7” (average crosse width) surrounding the head.

  • STOP CLOCK

    Means the clock stops after each goal and on every whistle within the last 2 minutes of play in each half unless there is a 10 or more goal differential.

  • SUBSTITUTION AREA

    Is the area in front of the scorer’s table, centered at midfield, and sectioned off by two hash marks that are each 5 yds from the centerline of the field.

  • T

  • TEAM BENCH AREA

    Is the area from the end of the substitution area to the team’s restraining line, and even with the level of the scorer’s table extended (at least 4m from the sideline), and does not include the area directly behind the scorer's table.

  • TOEING THE LINE

    Refers to the placement of the foot up to, but not on, the center line.

  • W

  • WITHIN A STICK’S LENGTH

    Is when any part of the opponent’s body is inside a crosses’ length. It is the distance a player must be to her opponent to be actively marking this opponent.

  • Y

  • YELLOW CARD

    Is given as a warning to an offending player, coach or team personnel. A second yellow card to the same individual will result in that person being suspended from further participation in that game.