Equipment Design and Types
Designs of Mountain Bikes
Cross Country Mountain Bikes/ XC Bikes
Designed for off-road trails that will have some obstacles. These bikes can be used for ascents and descents. Mostly made from lightweight materials, these bikes often weight between 20 to 30 pounds, because of this these bikes are meant for faster travel. These bikes are typically sturdier compared to other Mountain Bikes. These bikes can be separated into two categories depending on suspension.
Hardtail Mountain Bikes
These bikes lack rear suspension, however suspension forks instead. This is to keep bouncing to a minimum and often is the recommended bike for beginners as it will help develop good pedaling technique. It is also a more lightweight alternative to other types of bikes.
Full Suspension Mountain Bikes
These bikes have both front and rear for suspensions. These are used for uneven tails and allow for a more comfortable ride in extreme conditions. Because of the added suspension, these bikes are heavier than others. Also the price of these bikes is often greater by comparison.
Trail Mountain Bikes
These bikes are a cross between Cross Country Bikes and Downhill Bikes. These bikes perform best when on slops and are recommended for trails with uphill and downhill terrain. These bikes also work well jumps. In short, these bikes combine the comforts of Cross Country Bikes with the capabilities of a Downhill Mountain Bike.
Dirt Jump Mountain/ Urban Bikes
A cross between Freeride Bikes and BMX style Bikes. These bikes feature a systems that allow for riding over obstacles, and can handle situations that requires takeoff and landing. The bike utilizes fast-rolling tires, heavier front suspension and lighter rear suspension.
These bikes also have larger handlebars that allow for better maneuvering. Using a smaller frame and lower seatposts, this allows riders to perform tricks without the seat causing issues, also lessening the impact of landings and crashes.
Downhill Mountain Bikes:
For trails that are comprised of downhill slopes. These bikes are built to work well in speedy descents, to compensate for the possibility of rough terrain during descents these bikes are outfitted with larger tires and have heavier frames. These bikes also utilize disc brakes and chain guides to protect from accidental derailment of the chain. Suspension is greater than that of other bikes. These bike are only recommended for downhill riding.
Freeride Mountain Bikes:
These are the all-around bike that can perform well under most conditions. These bikes can typically be used for jumping, racing, ticks, and can handle most types of slopes. These bikes are made from steel or aluminum alloy frames and are equipped with a rear suspension. In short, these bikes can handle the basics of many types of riding, but are not recommended for extreme use.