What is Wrestling?
Wrestling is a one-on-one combative sport requiring great mental and physical stamina, strength, and skill. Successful wrestlers often maintain a strong dedication towards perfecting techniques and skills. Scoring in wrestling is based on one wrestler gaining dominant position or control over his/her opponent.
Points are awarded in individual bouts for control situations or breaking control of a situation. Takedown points are awarded from the neutral position (standing with no advantage) when one wrestler is able to get his/her opponent down to the mat while staying on top in a control position. Reversal or escape points are awarded to a defensive wrestler when there is a change or loss of control. Near fall or exposure points are awarded to a wrestler when an opponents shoulder blades are exposed to or held to the mat. Holding both shoulder blades on the mat simultaneously for two seconds will result in a “fall” or “pin”. A pin ends the bout and the wrestler in control is determined the winner. This is considered the ultimate way to succeed or win in wrestling. If bout time has expired (usually 3, two minute periods depending on the style and age group) and a fall has not been earned, points are totaled to determine a winner.
Wrestling is a size specific sport based on weight. It is not a sport where only the tall or the heavy have the advantage. There is a weight class for all size wrestlers to compete against same weight opponents. Predetermined weight classes are typically 5 to 7 pounds apart pending on the age group (ex. 106 lbs.,113 lbs.,120 lbs.,126 lbs.). Wrestlers must weigh exactly their weight classification or below to compete in that particular weight class. If a wrestler is over a particular weight limit, he or she must move up to the next weight class or forfeit competing. Most beginner tournaments as well as off-season intermediate and advanced tournaments use “Madison System” weigh-in groupings. Madison System groups wrestlers in a weight category within a range of usually a 5-10 lb. spread. Weight categories are determined after all competitors have weighed in. In either an individual tournament or dual meet competition, all wrestlers must take part in an official weigh-in supervised by opposing coaches or competition officials. The pre-competition weigh-in determines each wrestler’s eligible weight class for that particular competition. Wrestlers are required to weigh in each day of competition.
Competitions for wrestling can be both individual and team oriented. Individual bracketed tournaments determine an individual champion for a set weight class. Pending on the size of the weight class or bracket, individual champions may need to win 4-6 consecutive bouts to be crowned a weight class champion. Individual bracket tournaments also determine each weight class 2nd, 3rd, 4th, etc. place winners based on the number of competitors in a bracket. Team score can be kept in individual bracket tournaments as well. Team points are awarded when each individual team member advances in a bracket.
Dual meets put one team against another team in a head-to-head competition. Results of individual bouts are totaled to determine a team score. A fall or pin in a dual meet awards 6 team points. A technical fall (15 point bout spread) awards 5 team points. A major decision (8 or more point spread) awards 4 team points. A regular decision (7 or less point spread) awards 3 team points.
Dual meets provide an exciting environment to determine the strength of an entire team. Individual bracketed tournaments test individual wrestlers against many different opponents. Wrestlers that might not be on a strong dual team still have opportunities for individual success and recognition in a bracketed tournament.