Mountain Biking

Mountain biking is the activity or sport of riding specially designed bicycles off-road over trails and rough uneven terrain.

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Bike parking is part of life most people don’t think about until they need it. For urban cyclists, that usually means rolling up to their destination and scanning the street for a bike rack or, if none are available, a sign post. Even more cycling-friendly innovations, like bike corrals and bike cages, tend to be utilitarian in nature—gray or black metal structures where you lock up and then move on.
Shabazz Stuart and Manuel Mansylla want to change that. Their Brooklyn-based startup, Oonee, aims to make bike parking that is colorful, attractive, and full of life. What they envision is a modular, customizable “bike pod” that can become the main feature of a street or public square, rather than an afterthought.
“One of the big problems of traditional infrastructure is its singular focus on providing bicycle parking,” says Stuart, Oonee’s founder and CEO. “The focus has not been on design, placemaking, or public-space activation.”
Each pod can hold anywhere from 10-43 bikes. Image courtesy of Shabazz Stuart
Oonee’s bike pods, which provide a secure, enclosed spot where anywhere from 10-43 cyclists can lock up, function like conventional bike cages. But they’re also designed to meet the aesthetic and activational needs of a particular urban space, with the goal of attracting further amenities (think food trucks and bike-share stations) that would in turn attract more people. Theoretically, they could even inspire more people to start riding.
“We wanted to make something that would make people who don’t own a bike want to go out and get a bike,” says Mansylla, Oonee’s co-founder and creative director.
RELATED: This Dutch City Opened the World’s Biggest Bike-Parking Garage
Mansylla previously made a name for himself designing parklets, or mini-parks in former vehicle parking spaces, in New York. He hopes to approach bike pods the same way—that is, using easy-to-assemble kitted parts that build into a sophisticated design, much like Ikea or Lego products. This helps appeal to budget-minded transportation departments, but it also allows the pods scale and adapt to different streets or cities.
“The sidewalk is populated with stuff that is stuck and old, like phone booths or newsstands,” Mansylla says. “We wanted something that was ever-changing.”
Examples of bike pod designs Image courtesy of Shabazz Stuart
Oonee’s first bike pods are slated to appear in early April at the Brooklyn Navy Yard in New York. Stuart says he aims to build five to 10 prototypes this year, and that he’s close to making a deal on a second space in Manhattan. The pair is also in talks with officials in San Francisco and New Orleans.
This will be Oonee’s chance to prove itself to cities, institutions, potential sponsors, and ordinary cyclists. For now, interested riders can sign up for the pilot to gain access to the pod. Monthly memberships will cost “$10 or lower” according to Stuart. In the future, he says, he wants to integrate an app so users can register for a pod or pay on demand, with each pod knowing your bike’s location at all times.
RELATED: The World’s Coolest Bike Infrastructure
Eventually, Stuart wants to see the pods turn into service centers where cyclists can have their bikes tuned up or repaired as they go about their day. A cyclist himself—he’s had three bikes stolen in five years—Stuart says he’ll rely on feedback about what riders want out of a new, improved way to lock up their bikes.
“We need to be engaging everyone at once,” he says. “This is very much community-driven infrastructure.”
A bike pod under construction. Photograph courtesy of Shabazz Stuart
Oh, and about that name: “Uni” (pronounced like “oonee”) is the Japanese name for sea urchin, which Mansylla learned about on a chance visit to Tokyo.
“It’s a very architectural animal and the Japanese cherish it as the most prized piece of sushi,” he says. “This outer shell protects what’s inside, and that’s what we want to do with the pod—protect one of people’s most prized possessions, in some cases their most prized possession.”
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Cycling officials this weekend will begin using an X-ray machine to detect hidden motors at top-level races, UCI president David Lappartient said Wednesday.
A mobile X-ray machine mounted on a trailer, Lappartient said, “is a new tool that will allow riders’ bikes to be monitored” to help catch so-called motor dopers.
Tiny motors can be hidden in a bike’s frame to give riders a crucial boost in power at specific moments during a race, such as when riding into a headwind or on a tough climb. Officials had previously relied on thermal cameras and magnetometric tablets to detect these motors.
Lappartient said the governing body has also not ruled out stripping down bikes to catch cheaters, but that X-ray machines should allow officials to find motors without needing to do so.
RELATED: This is What It's Like to Ride a Bike with a Hidden Motor
“We hope to show that our riders don’t use motors,” Lappartient said at a UCI meeting in Geneva. “The aim is to show that everyone is battling on a level playing field.”
The UCI president did not reveal at which event the X-ray machine would first appear. But former cyclist Jean-Christophe Peraud, who is heading a commission tackling technological fraud, said it will be widely used.
“We will be present with this technology across the five continents and in 18 countries,” said Peraud, a former Tour de France runner-up. “We’ll cover 50 percent of the World Tour calendar, but also other disciplines such as mountain biking and track cycling.”
RELATED: How Does Mechanical Doping Work?
The X-ray machine was developed by VJ Technologies, a company that has been in partnership with the UCI since 1987. Right now, the UCI only has one machine.
There had long been suspicions of motor doping, but it wasn’t until 2016, during the Cyclocross World Championships, that a hidden motor was first confiscated from a racer’s bike. In October 2017, an amateur cyclist was caught with a motor during a competition in France.
Another rider was caught in a 2017 race in Italy after organizers received a tip. A thermal camera had been used to identify the motor.
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The latest kit from women’s cycling brand Machines for Freedom is more than catchy colors and a flattering cut. Called “Fruits,” it’s also a meditation on female strength and a challenge to see cyclists differently. We asked Jennifer Kriske, founder of Machines, to tell us more about the kit that’s been blowing up our social media for the last few weeks.
“I’ve been thinking a lot about femininity lately,” Kriske started. The designer-turned-CEO spoke quickly and warmly, with contagious enthusiasm. She'd been thinking about femininity because, in embracing her role at Machines, she’s had to become more assertive to pull the business forward. And despite growing up (in her words) “bull-headed,” she’s felt some internal conflict about taking charge. 
Jennifer Kriske, founder and CEO of Machines for Freedom Photograph courtesy of Tracy Chandler
Hers is a common story in business and sports, where women are often seen as less “womanly” for their ambition. Kriske brought up the term “tomboy” as a prime example. “Why is it that if you’re athletic and competitive,” she asked, “you get labeled some variation of a boy?”
The idea of being strong and assertive while remaining feminine is what led to the fruits on the jersey—though not as we're probably used to seeing them.
“Fruit is a classic feminine motif, but it is always shown as sweet or sexualized,” Kriske said. “So I wanted to take that metaphor and kind of turn it on its head, get away from that sweet or sexual version of femininity and get into something a little strange, a little spikey.” 
Kriske sat down with an illustrator and came up with the distinctive blue and marigold kit—"I've been obsessed with that marigold," Kriske said—covered in fruits with rinds, on branches, and in spiky shells. The resulting lookbook is a departure from fruits, women, and cyclists are we're used to seeing them—and it's totally refreshing.  
Something a little strange, a little spikey Photograph courtesy of Machines for Freedom
Photograph courtesy of Machines for Freedom
Photograph courtesy of Machines for Freedom
About those models: “So far we’ve been really good at including ethnic and body diversity with our models, but we hadn’t tackled age yet,” Kriske said. “I had this dream of shooting a woman with long, flowing grey hair" which seemed to fit really well with the concept behind the jersey. While planning the photo shoot, a mutual friend’s mom came up in conversation. It just so happened that the mom in question, Gillean McLeod, was a professional stylist-turned-model. 
RELATED: This Woman Completed her First Iron Man at 60—After Beating Cancer
“She was this absolutely amazing woman,” Kriske said. “I thought, ‘There’s no way I can afford her.’ But we had coffee and she got on board! The gold bike in the shoot is actually her [handmade Italian Mondonico] from the ’80s.”
On the very tippy top of Mt. Figueroa for @machinesforfreedom I was so thrilled to be asked to star in their look book and campaign for Spring. Standing here wearing this beautiful kit, carrying my old, trusty, 28 year old, hand made Mondonico. This day was spent with three accomplished riders, the designers and the photographer. Everyone cycles! Photo: @warrenkommers @jenn.kriske @machinesforfreedom @sleepyatfunerals It was 37 degrees and raining but the weather made for some beautiful atmosphere. Thanks to @maxduck for introducing me to a stellar group of new friends. #machinesforfreedom #cycles #newkit #mondonico #oranges #santaynez #mtfigueroa #notolahere #mist #fierce
A post shared by Gillean McLeod (@gilleanmcleod) on Mar 11, 2018 at 10:58am PDT

The studio model, RoseMary Sindt, is a cyclist and assistant brand manager at TokyoBike. She’s been featured in a few of Machines’ other campaigns. 
“What does it mean to be feminine? Ladylike, soft, delicate. But what about the femininity that is strong? That's flawed, sometimes coarse? Fruit that is not ripe to pick but thorny to the touch; a bitter taste; a mad, wild challenge to authority.” Definitely, always challenge authority. I was beyond excited and honored to be included in the launch of this kit. It’s happening my women, the tides are turning. @machinesforfreedom
A post shared by RoseMary Sindt (@rosemarysindt) on Mar 13, 2018 at 1:22pm PDT

Why does Kriske feel that diversity is so important in the imagery of Machines for Freedom? Part of it is a business decision—“when you limit your product to older white men, you’re really hamstrung” Kriske said—but it also comes from Kriske’s own experience in the sport. “The club mentality never felt right to me,” she said. “It was too limiting. I always wanted Machines to be this place where you could maintain your individuality… where you could be yourself.”
RELATED: 40 Best Kits of 2017
Kriske also said that in her experience, “clothes can be a big deterrent… If you don’t feel comfortable and confident, it can be difficult to enjoy yourself" on the bike. But apparel that performs well, fits well, and lets women express themselves should not be underestimated. It can literally help open the door to cycling.
Photograph courtesy of Machines for Freedom
So will Machines ever make a men’s kit? Kriske laughed. “We get asked that question a lot, and it’s not like we’re trying to ignore men, men are great!” she said. “But that’s not in our future any time soon.” We’re guessing there’s more than enough to keep her occupied on the women’s side. 
You can order the Fruits Kit online now at

Police have released video footage of the deadly self-driving Uber crash that killed a woman in Tempe, Arizona, on Sunday night. Elaine Herzberg, 49, was walking her bike across a busy two-lane road when the car—part of a fleet of autonomous Volvos that Uber had been testing in Arizona since February 2017—struck her in the northbound lane. She later died of her injuries in the hospital.
The car’s autopilot was deployed at the time of the crash, although a human test driver was also behind the wheel. The newly released footage shows what happened both inside and outside the car in the moments leading up to the collision. Be warned: Although it doesn’t actually show the impact, pausing just a moment before, it’s still a little tough to watch.
Tempe Police Vehicular Crimes Unit is actively investigating
the details of this incident that occurred on March 18th. We will provide updated information regarding the investigation once it is available.
— Tempe Police (@TempePolice) March 21, 2018

RELATED: Woman Killed by Self-Driving Uber Was Walking Her Bike Across the Street
Though dark and somewhat grainy, the footage answers some questions we had in the wake of the fatal crash. We see that Herzberg indeed crossed the street away from the intersection, confirming earlier police reports that she was “outside the crosswalk” when the collision occurred.
But we also see that the test driver was looking down and not at the road, and only seems to notice Herzberg within the last second before the crash. The car never seems to slow down, either, implying that it hadn’t detected Herzberg’s presence, or that of her bike, at all. (Uber said it suspended its autonomous-vehicle testing in Arizona and elsewhere after the crash.)
RELATED: How Cyclists Can Get Police to Take On-Bike Video Footage Seriously
Subsequent police reports said the Uber was traveling at 38 mph in a 35 mph zone. That may not sound like too far over the limit, but bear in mind that slight variations in speed can mean the difference between injury and death. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, pedestrians struck by vehicles going 30 mph are killed about 40 percent of the time. They’re killed 80 percent of the time when the car is going 40 mph.
It’s not certain why the Uber never detected Herzberg, or why it was exceeding the posted speed limit in the first place. What does seem clear is that a host of factors—speed, technology, street design, human behavior—led to this fatal moment.
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In one of my favorite Kurt Vonnegut quotes, he tells his wife he’s going to go buy an envelope: Oh, she says, well, you’re not a poor man. You know, why don’t you go online and buy a hundred envelopes and put them in the closet? And so I pretend not to hear her. And go out to get an envelope because I’m going to have a hell of a good time in the process of buying one envelope.
On his little outing, Vonnegut sees things and meets people. He gives a fire truck the thumbs-up and asks a woman about her dog. That joy—of turning a simple errand into an excuse to connect to the world—is what I experienced riding the Felt Tote’m e-cargo bike. I picked my way through snow-lined alleys to the grocery store, waved to drivers on chilly commutes, hand-delivered Christmas gifts like a pedal-assisted Santa, and rode quiet country roads instead of driving a traffic-choked thoroughfare to my bank.
The Levi's Commuter Jacket lets you stay connected and keep your eyes on the road:
One of the few midtail electric cargo bikes on the market, the Tote’m hogs less space than longtail offerings, but can still truck a grocery run—or kids—around town. (The rear rack is compatible with Yepp child seats.) The Shimano STePS system is also one of the smoother motors I’ve tried. There’s a subtle lag before the assist kicks in from a stop, but once moving, it hums along seamlessly through changes in power output. When the assist cuts out at 20mph, it does so without a sudden lull.
The Tote'm comes with front and rear racks, a bamboo platform, fenders, bags, lights, and a kickstand. Matt Rainey
RELATED: 13 Things You Need to Know About E-Bikes
The Tote’m comes with all the accessories you need in a bike that aims to replace a car: fenders, a front rack, a rear rack with a bamboo platform, bags, a 100-lumen headlight and 25-lumen taillight, and a center stand that holds the bike sturdy even when the weight is lopsided. It isn’t perfect—taller items in the front tray will block the headlight, and the welds are a little chunky. But these are nits about a bike that could change your lifestyle, and turn even the most mundane errand into a mini-adventure.
Price: $4,000
Weight: 61 LB (15 in.)
Matt Rainey
What You Need to Know About the Battery
Hours it takes to fully recharge
Hours it takes to charge to 75%
Shimano's smooth-running STePS system performed seamlessly. Matt Rainey
Charge cycles after which it holds 60 percent of its capacity, according to Felt.
Replacement cost
Claimed range* in miles: 50 (Eco); 30 (Normal); 19 (High)*With a 170-pound rider and 30 pounds of cargo

Chris Froome’s hopes of winning a fifth Tour de France are reportedly under threat, with race organiser ASO ready to try to block the Team Sky rider from starting this year’s race due to his on-going salbutamol case. The Press Association Sport news agency has claimed that ASO will refuse to let Froome line up in the Vendee region on July 7 if his case has not been resolved. PA sport cited “two senior cycling sources”. Two sources have also confirmed the possibility to Cyclingnews. Froome exceeded the allowed levels for salbutamol en route to victory at last year's Vuelta a España, but because salbutamol is considered a specified substance, the Team Sky rider remains free to race pending the resolution of the case.ADVERTISEMENT Froome has always denied any wrongdoing, saying that he respected medical guidelines for the use of his salbutamol asthma inhaler. He began his season at the Ruta del Sol and recently rode Tirreno-Adriatico. He has been announced for the Tour of the Alps stage race in Italy and Austria next month and is determined to push on with his plans to target the Giro d'Italia and Tour de France in 2018. UCI president David Lappartient has previously tried to pressure Team Sky to suspend Froome from racing but he acknowledges that Froome has a right to race under UCI rules. Lappartient has accepted that a verdict is unlikely to be reached before the Giro d’Italia but on Wednesday, after he UCI presented its new strategy to fight mechanical doping, he said that the decision “must be on the table before the Tour de France,” adding, “I hope so because it would be a disaster for everybody if it's not the case.”  ASO seem determined to push Lappartient and the UCI to expedite the Froome case before the start of the Tour de France on July 7. Under UCI WorldTour rules the 18 WorldTour teams must accept the participation of all UCI WorldTeams. However, Cyclingnews understands that ASO traditionally have unique rights in the contracts with teams for the Tour de France, which may give them extra powers to safeguarding the image of the race and so stop a rider competing in their race. ASO is understood to be confident it could resist any legal challenge from Team Sky, possibly dragging the case into the French civil courts. However, ASO was forced to back down in a similar case in 2009 when it tried to stop Tom Boonen from riding the Tour de France following his out of competition positive test for cocaine. Tour de France director Christian Prudhomme also accepted that Alberto Contador had the right to ride the Tour de France in 2011 as he awaited the appeal process of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS). Contador finished in the 2011 Tour de France, but was later stripped of his results after the CAS banned him for two years. Lappartient stuck in the middle
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Dimension Data rider Scott Thwaites has suffered ‘several fractures to his vertebral column’ following a training crash. In a statement released on the Dimension Data website, the team said that Thwaites had undergone successful surgery to stabilise the fractures on Tuesday night. He is in a stable condition and remains in hospital but is expected to be released in the coming days. The team gave no information as to the circumstances of the crash. Thwaites had recently competed at Milan-San Remo and was expected to be an important part of the team’s Classics line-up.ADVERTISEMENT Thwaites’ injury is another blow for Dimension Data, who have several riders out of action due to injury. Team leader Mark Cavendish broke a rib in a horrific crash during last weekend’s Milan-San Remo. The Manxman had already broken a rib when he crashed at speed during the opening team time trial at Tirreno-Adriatico. He also suffered concussion following a crash at the Abu Dhabi Tour when the race directors car braked suddenly ahead of the peloton. Bernhard Eisel is also out of competition at the moment after breaking his wrist and sustaining facial injuries in a crash at Tirreno-Adriatico. Reinardt Janse van Rensburg has not yet made his racing debut in 2018 following groin surgery at the end of last year. Although, the team hopes that he can return to competitive action next month. Mekseb Debesay took a heavy fall at the Tour de Langkawi earlier this week and further tests revealed that he had fractured his pelvis. Illness has also taken its toll with Tom-Jelte Slagter pulling out of Paris-Nice at the start of the month due to sickness. Mark Renshaw had to drop out of Tirreno-Adriatico due to sinusitis but returned to action at Milan-San Remo.
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